Service speed as well as content’s structure and spacing are the top 3 factors that determine whether your online help system is successful. That’s the gist when I apply 7 of Cameron Chapman’s “10 Usability Tips Based on Research Studies” to online documentation.
Cameron’s post of September 15 looks at the numbers behind the usability of web sites and, as she writes, “some might surprise you and change your outlook on your current design processes”. And they underscore the importance of offering documentation that’s quick to find, understand and apply.
Speed is essential for online help success in two ways.
Write help content so it is fast and easy to skim and understand. Cameron mentions two studies by Jakob Nielsen:
- Users read only about 28% of the text on a web site, and the ratio decreases with the amount of text.
- Users follow an F-shaped pattern when skimming web sites. They start reading at the top left corner (in cultures which read left to right, top to bottom), skim key words along the line and move down the lines in that pattern.
To optimize your online help for such behavior, you can:
- Use headings, bullet lists and parallelism to ensure that users read the “right” 28% of the text. These are the parts which orient readers and guide them to the solution of their question, and then the solution itself (and hopefully they read more than 28% of that page…)
- Front-load your headings, list entries and paragraphs so readers get the gist from the beginning. This quickly guides your readers and helps them in their F-shaped survey of your contents.
Power your server so it is fast to load and display the online help. Cameron refers to a study for the Bing search engine which shows significant decreases in clicks and user satisfaction once load times exceed two seconds. I assume that online help servers meet with similar impatience: Just like a search engine, they are intermediary services which users consult when they really want to do something else.
So measure and ensure that your online help web server can offer users short loading times. This is especially crucial in multi-step rendering processes of dynamic content which involve first a database and then on-the-fly rendering in HTML + CSS.
The spatial design of information is the second essential factor in the success of your online help.
Use white space to improve readability and reading comprehension. A study at Wichita State University found that users prefer text on web pages with margins and optimal leading (= vertical spacing between text lines). They also retain better what they have read.
“Don’t worry about ‘the fold’”, says Cameron. Contrary to popular belief, users do scroll and read below the ‘fold’ of the initially visible top part of a web page. Cameron points to studies by a web analytics company and design agency which conclude that there is no correlation between page length and the number of readers who scroll at least 90% to the bottom. Instead, users apparently scroll when they think it’s worth scrolling – which again emphasizes the content, its readability and usability.
The structure of topics and contents in your online help is the third essential factor.
Navigation beats search. Cameron cites two studies that found users prefer navigation and usually resort to search only after the navigation failed them. (I assume this differs for experienced users who know what they can expect from navigation and search respectively.)
So do your technical communications team and your users a favor and maintain a solid topic structure that writers and readers find worthwhile to use. A good topic structure is a map that orients users throughout the system and in context. By contrast, a search result merely shines a spotlight on the topic a reader may or may not need. In short: Don’t let your search bail out poor structure and bad navigation.
- “Do you know Time?“ about parallelism and writing for speed
- “Top 10 things users want to do in your help system“
- “What tech writers can learn from UX designers“